Architecture of Color: The Legacy of Luis Barragán,
for Timothy Taylor 16X34
23 September – 19 November 2016
Luis Barragán (1902-1988) was one of the greatest second-generation modernists, and along with Oscar Niemeyer, the most important 20th century architect to emerge from Latin America.
Architecture of Color: The Legacy of Luis Barragán explores Barragán’s architectural practice, his spiritual sense of aesthetics, and his unique use of color. The exhibition also celebrates his legacy through the artworks of his contemporaries, those influenced by him, and those with whom he shares a visual and deeper synergy. This was the first exhibition of Barragán’s work in New York since his retrospective at the Museum of Modern Art in 1976.
The exhibition – curated by Oscar Humphries – includes works by Mexico-based artists with whom Barragán had close ties, including Mathias Goeritz, Chucho Reyes and Eduardo Terrazas. Timothy Taylor 16x34 transformed the interior of the gallery with colorful walls that reference Barragán’s work, creating conversations in color with pieces by some of the most influential living and non-living artists of the past century. These artists included were Josef Albers, Carl Andre, Dan Flavin, Sheila Hicks, Agnes Martin and Sean Scully, and were presented with Barragán-designed furniture.
Barragán’s bold use of color, his masterful manipulation of natural and artificial light, and his command of form, unites the traditions and histories of architecture – spanning ancient to modern, and international in the broadest sense – with Mexican building practice and art. It has been Barragán’s amalgamation of expansive references, together with his virtuosity and sensitivity as a creator of spaces, that transports the occupant beyond architecture into the realm of art.
One of Modernism’s most poetic voices, his design approach was at once totally new and classical. He saw and interpreted his country’s natural and cultural geography through a 20th century lens. Mathias Goeritz, who collaborated with Barragán on the Torres de Satélite (1957-58), was the first to use the term ‘emotional architecture’ in relation to Barragán’s work. This exhibition will explore those same principles in painting and sculpture, drawing a parallel between Barragán’s ‘emotional architecture’ and the ‘emotional abstraction’ of many of the artists included in the exhibition.
“Barragán was an architect surrounded by artists, not by architects,” says Eduardo Terrazas, whose friendship with Barragán began in the 1960s.
In describing the exhibition, Tim Taylor said, “Oscar has taken the feeling and meaning of a Barragán space and created an immersive physical reference by way of artists who speak Barragán’s language of color and the result is rather extraordinary. The intimacy of our New York space is perfectly suited for this exhibition as Barragán worked at a human scale.”
Barragán’s furniture, never put into production and only made for specific projects, has the same simplicity of form, tactility of material, and authenticity that is evident in his buildings. In this exhibition, rare examples of his design practice were shown: a bench and a pair of chairs from his famous equestrian project Cuadra San Cristobal (1966-68), Los Clubes, Mexico City.
The exhibition also included rare archival material loaned by public and private collections in Mexico and abroad, documenting Barragán’s architectural practice, as well as personal documents and ephemera not previously shown in the United States.
“My house is my refuge, an emotional piece of architecture, not a cold piece of convenience.” Luis Barragán
Luis Barragán (1902-1988) was born in Guadalajara, Mexico. Having graduated as an engineer from the Escuela Libre de Ingenieros in 1923, he travelled to Europe. There he encountered the new architecture of the Bauhaus Group and Le Corbusier (whom he met in the 1920s). Returning to Mexico, Barragán opened his architectural practice in Mexico City in 1937 and there developed his distinctive and humane style which has come to define the world’s vision of a modern Mexico, and indeed mid-century architecture more broadly. Barragán’s private means enabled him to focus on mostly intimate houses rather than public commissions, notable examples include Cuadra San Cristóbal (1966–68); Gilardi House (1975–77) and the convent Tlalpan Chapel (1954–60) – all of which are located in and around Mexico City. His place on the international stage was cemented in 1980 when he was awarded the acclaimed Pritzker Prize. His personal home, the Luis Barragán House and Studio was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2004.